Understand Knee Pain

Knee Pain Specialists in Moncton - We offer long-term relief

Understanding Knee Pain and Different Ways To Manage It

Knee pain is a common complaint that usually affects individuals of all ages. It is mainly associated with the general wear and tear caused during daily activities, like walking, lifting, bending, etc. Knee pain may also result from an injury, such as a ruptured or damaged ligament or broken cartilage.

Knee pain can also occur due to various medical conditions, including arthritis, Gouty arthritis, or viral infections. Whether a person’s knee pain is a cause of aging, infection, or injury, it can be a nuisance and even unbearable in some circumstances.

Self-care measures help relieve various types of minor knee pains, but physiotherapy also plays a significant role in relieving pain and restoring normal functions of the knees. However, sometimes, your knee may require surgical intervention and repair.

What are the Symptoms of Knee Pain?

The site, onset, and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the underlying cause. Signs and symptoms you may experience are:

  • Stiffness and Swelling
  • Redness, pain, and warmth on touch
  • Instability and weakness
  • Crunching or Popping sounds
  • Failure to fully straighten the knee

What are the Causes of Knee Pain?

Your knee joint is a complex structure composed of bone, cartilage, ligaments, and synovial fluid. Muscles and tendons aid in knee joint movement. If any of these gets damaged or ruptured, you suffer from knee problems.

Some very common causes of knee pain include:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Ligament injuries
  • Tendon injuries
  • Several Cartilage injuries and disorders.
  • Broken or fractured kneecap.

What are the Different Risk Factors of Knee Pain?

Several factors can raise your risk of having knee problems, including:

  • Increased weight.
  • Lack of muscle flexibility
  • Lack of muscle strength
  • Certain sports
  • Previous injuries

What are the Treatment Options to Avoid Knee Pain?

Treatments may vary, depending on what exactly is causing your knee pain. Different treatment options that can be considered while treating your knee pain include:


Over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications can prove helpful in managing pain. In addition, you can ask your doctor for prescription medications such as corticosteroids to help relieve knee pain as well as treat underlying conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or gout.


It is essential to strengthen your knee muscles, so your doctor may recommend physiotherapy. That includes different exercises according to the condition you are facing.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Some self-care measures can also improve your knee condition, including:

  • Rubbing knee slightly
  • Rest
  • Icing the knee to reduce pain and inflammation
  • Compressions to help fluid buildup in damaged joints
  • Elevation to help reduce swelling and pain.


It is the last resort when all other treatment options fail. Some conditions like knee fractures need surgical intervention, so in such cases, surgery is performed to avoid pain and restore the normal functioning of the knee.

Call Your Doctor If:

  • You have swelling, pain, and redness
  • You’re unable to extend your knee
  • In case of any obvious deformity

What are the Preventive Measures to Avoid Knee Pain?

While there’s no sure way to arthritis, you might be able to delay it and prevent others with the following measures

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Eating a healthy diet.
  • Exercising (if you have arthritis, consider swimming and different water aerobics)
  • Making the right movements while practicing sports

In a Nutshell

Causes of knee pain range from natural wear and tear to joint injuries to genetic conditions. Knee pain can become serious if not treated earlier. You can take some measures to heal it and prevent it from recurring. Commit to a proper plan of action that brings you positive results. Take time for yourself, rest, do ice therapy, and practice exercising and stretching. See your doctor if your normal activities and movements are affected.